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Feudal Europe

At the end of the 8th century, Charlemagne, the king of the Franks, unified large part of western Europe and proclaimed himself emperor. However, on his death, the Empire was divided into separate kingdoms. Between the 9th and 10th centuries, Normans (Vikings), Muslims and Hungarians attacked and invaded western Europe. This is the historical context in which Feudalism was born.

In the Middle Ages a new political, economic and social system appeared in western Europe: feudalism. The monarch gave land (fiefdoms) to nobles and clergy to govern in his name. In return, the became the king’s vassals. They had to swear loyalty to the king and help him in his military campaigns. The population was mostly made up of peasants. Many of these became the noble’s serfs in exchange for his protection.

The society was very unequal. It was divided into different social groups. People were born into a particular social group and belonged to that group for life. Consult the following set of sheets to get more information on the Feudal Europe.

Romanesque Art developed in Europe between the 11th and 13th centuries. Most Romanesque works of art are religious. This shows the huge importance of religion in Medieval feudal society.

Now you have interesting resources to dive in this amazing period of knights, wars, serfs and faith.

Why is the Middle Ages so important for us?

When you study History, you may sometimes feel that events that happened a long time ago, aren’t so important for your life. There is a wide distance between the contents that you learn in your History classes and your daily experiences. However, this project will try to change your mind. History is basically a science which preserves the memory of the Human being along the time. Have you ever asked yourself about the origin of different issues, such as numbers, modern technologies, banks or universitary education? Maybe not. All the answers to these questions are in the Middle Ages.

The study of the past is really significant for us. What we are is absolutely conditioned by what we were. So I invite you to dive in different past events related with Science, Politics, Economy and Technology to show you some ideas about the importance of the historical knowledge. Are you ready to start?


History of Jerusalem. Imagen de Wikimedia Commons BY SA

You are going to work in pairs or in groups of three people maximum. You should create a concept map about one of the next topics using Popplet, an easy multimedia App to create amazing schemes. Your concept map should provide information about:

  • Name of the invention or the institution
  • Author (s). Who were the protagonists of these historical changes?
  • Chronology. When did they appear?
  • Geographical location. Which countries, regions or cities were the the pioneers of these innovations?
  • Birth causes. What reasons led to the birth of these innovations?
  • Features. In this field, you should describe deeply how it worked and why the lifestyle was so different since then.
  • Main uses. I suggest that you try to underline the most important uses and effects on Science, Economy or Politics provoked by these events.
  • Why is so important for us? Consider the way on it is affecting us nowadays.

The selected topics for this project are based on the following questions:

Why do we write the numbers as 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9?

How can we use nature as a energetic resource?

Why are banks so important for Economy?

What are stock markets?

 Why can we study at University after our Secondary studies?

Why are citizens represented in Parliament and Local Governments?

Why can we read some printed books?

The project will be evaluated with two rubrics. Firstly, throug a rubric to evaluate the concept map using a digital tool. And secondly, a rubric to evaluate an oral exposition to the rest of the class. During your working process, pay special attention to the quality of your information, your researching skills, creativity and originality and, of course, collaborative work. Good luck!

Islam and al-Andalus

The Middle Ages is a historical period that began with the fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century and ended with the start of the Modern Age in the 15th century. In the 7th century, a new religion called Islam appeared in Arabia. It quicky expanded to the Mediterranean coast and then into Asia and Africa. A new Muslim civilisation developed. Islam, like Judaism and Crhistianity, is a monotheistic religion that believes in one God. The Prophet Muhammad preached this religion since 622 in Arabia.

The Koran is the sacred book of Islam. It contains the ideas that Allah revealed to Muhammad. In fact, Islamic society, economics and politics are based on the Koran and traditions. In these videos, you could understand several habits and beliefs from the Muslim religion and lifestyle.


The Muslims arrived on the Iberian Peninsula in 711. They defeated the Visigoth kingdom and created the Islamic state, al-Andalus. The Muslims stayed on the Peninsula until 1492. We can see Muslims influences in our culure, art, customs and language.

Finally, you can link the medieval Muslim heritage with political issues that actually affect our world. Currently, you can learn a lot about Islamic states with the next sheet:  2esoIslamic_state.


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